Peace Community of San José de Apartadó. The peace community of San José was established in 1997, and does not support any actor in Colombia’s armed conflict. More than 180 community members have been killed, and in 2000 the Inter-American Human Rights Court issued measures for the community’s protection, recognizing the community’s choice not to participate in the war, and specifically requiring that the Colombian state consult with the community about measures for its members’ security. FOR has had a permanent observation team in San José since 2002, while Peace Brigades International and other international groups have also accompanied the community for many years. In February 2005, members of the Army and paramilitary groups carried out a massacre of eight San José residents, including the peace community’s co-founder and three children.
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By Susana Pimiento
On the eve of the International Criminal Court Prosecutor’s visit to Colombia, the Colombian prosecutor finally ordered the interrogation of Generals Héctor Jaime Fandiño and Luis Alfonso Zapata. General Fandiño headed the 17th Brigade at the time of the massacre, but had been summoned to Bogota to address a recent ambush by the FARC guerrillas in which 18 soldiers were killed, making General Zapata the brigade’s acting commander. Both Fandiño and Zapata are School of the Americas graduates. The International Criminal Court raised concerns about the lack of accountability of high-ranking Colombian officers in its preliminary report issued last November.
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